The Department of Electronic Engineering was created to develop and execute a world-class
electronic engineering postgraduate programme intended to provide sound theoretical and
practical training for graduate students. This intention was born out of the national drive to be
part of the digital revolution and the information society, as well as an institutional strive to be at
the cutting edge of global developmental trends in the research and development in Information
and Communication Technology (ICT).
The postgraduate programmes of the Department of Electronics Engineering are being offered at
two levels, namely: Masters and Doctoral levels. The Master degree is in two forms: Master of
Engineering (M.Eng.) and Master of Science (M.Sc.) both in Electronic Engineering. The
Masters and Doctoral (Ph.D) programmes lay emphasis on both theoretical and practical
(project) aspects of postgraduate work especially as it relates to the technological needs of the
nation. Both programmes offer specialization in the following areas:
· Communication,
· Digital Electronic and Computer and
· Control Engineering.
These Masters programmes prepare students for professional works in academic, industrial and
military applications of electronic engineering, in any one of the areas of specializations. The
programmes aim at preparing graduate students to be able to understand and analyze electronic
materials, components and complete electronic systems, and simulate their behaviours on
computers in other to specify new sub-systems and effect adaptation and development. The
students are also trained to be able to specify, design, develop and commission hardware and
instruments of varying degrees of complexity in their special areas.
The M.Sc and M.Eng degrees are obtained through coursework and dissertation. All candidates
for Masters in Electronic Engineering pass through individualized remedial programme approved
by the Departmental Postgraduate Studies Committee. The core courses are intended to
harmonize the students’ diverse academic backgrounds and equip them with the necessary tools
for meaningful work in their various areas of specialization.
The Department of Electronic Engineering masters programme is intended to achieve the
following objectives:
· Prepare graduate students to be able to understand and analyze electronic materials,
components and complete systems through modeling and simulation;
· Train postgraduate students to be able to design, develop, install and maintain
hardware and instruments of varying degrees of complexity in their special area;
· Obtain high levels of graduate student achievement in Electronic Engineering through
reliance on laboratory hands-on activities thereby producing graduates with the
requisite expertise for satisfying career with Educational Institution, Industry,
Business and Government;
· Promote technology transfer, continuing engineering education training and retraining in the specialized areas in Electronic Engineering;
The applicant must possess B.Sc or B.Eng. Degree certificate with 2.50 GPA and above. The
applicants must have Electronic Engineering background or other related discipline. The
applicants are, in addition, expected to satisfy the current postgraduate programme admission
requirements in the department/faculty.
The B.Sc and B.Eng. Degree programmes have defined duration based on themode of the
programme i.e. whether part-time or full-time mode.

4 semesters minimum
6 semesters minimum

At the end of the programme the graduates are awarded the M.Eng or M.Sc. degree certificates.
M.Eng – If student has first degree in Engineering.
M.Sc. – If student has non Engineering first degree.
C. I. Ani
M.Sc. (Moscow), M.Phil (Sussex), PhD (Wales), MNSE
Data Communication and Networks Resource Management
C. C. Osuagwu
B. Eng (Nig.). M.Sc. (Southampton), PhD (Southampton), MNSE
Microprocessors, Digital System Design, Digital Signal Processing, and Logic Design
A. N. Nzeako
M.Sc. (Leningrad), Ph.D (Netherlands), MNSE
Control and Systems Engineering
O. U. Oparaku
B. Eng (Nig), PhD (Newcastle UT), MNSE
Solid State/Semiconductor Electronics and Solar Energy
Dr. O. N. Iloanusi
.B. Eng (Nig.). M.Sc. (Nig.), PhD (Nig.), MNSE
Biometrics, Digital System Design, Digital Signal Processing, and Logic Design
Dr. M. A. Ahaneku
B.Eng(FUTO), M.Sc (FUTO), Ph.D (Nig.)MNSE
Microwave and Satellite Communications, Radio and Telecommunication,

Compulsory Courses
Course Code Course Title
ECE 610 Communication Theory
ECE 611
ECE 612
ECE 613
ECE [ ]
Communication Networks & Protocols
Communication Modeling & Simulation
Network Traffic Control
(Two Optional Courses)

18 Units

ECE 602
ENG 601
ENG 603
PGC 601
ECE 600
Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering
Research Methodology in Engineering
School of Postgraduate Studies Course

18 Units
Optional Courses
Course Code Course Title Units

ECE 614 Microwave & Satellite Communication
ECE 615 Mobile Communication
ECE 616
ECE 617:
Networks Design & Implementation
Optical Systems
ECE 618 Microwave Communication System Design
ECE 619 Radar And Navigation Systems

(Two courses only are required to be chosen.)
Compulsory Courses

Course Code Course Title Units
ECE 620 Digital System Design 3
ECE 621 Computer Systems Architecture I 3
ECE 622 Software Engineering Development 3
ECE 625 Digital Integrated Electronics 3
ECE623 Computer Systems Architecture II 3
ECE626 Digital Signal Processing 3
ECE [ ] (Two Elective Courses) 6
24 Units
ECE 602 Seminars 3
ENG 601 Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering 3
ENG 603 Research Methodology in Engineering 3
PGC 601 School of Postgraduate Studies Course 3
ECE 600 Project 6
18 Units
Optional Courses
Course Code Course Title Units

ECE 624
ECE 627
ECE 628
ECE 629
Software Engineering Project Management
Web Engineering and Cyber Security
Biometrics and Image Processing
Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics

(Two courses only are required to be chosen.)
Compulsory Courses
Course Code Course Title Units

ECE 630 Stochastic Control
ECE 631 Optimal Control
ECE 632
ECE 635
ECE [ ]
Multivariable Control
System Modeling and Simulation
(Two Elective Courses)

18 Units
ECE 602 Seminars 3
ENG 601 Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering 3
ENG 603 Research Methodology in Engineering 3
PGC 601 School of Postgraduate Studies Course 3
ECE 600 Project 6
18 Units
Optional Courses
Course Code Course Title Units
ECE 633 Linear Systems 3
ECE 634 Large Scale Systems 3
ECE 636 Control Strategies 3
ECE 638 System Control 3
(Two courses only are required to be chosen.)
ECE 600 Dissertation (6 Units)
Each candidate for a Masters degree shall be assigned a suitable research project approved by the
Departmental Postgraduate Studies Committee. The results of the research shall be embodied in
a dissertation.
ENG 601: Analytical Tools and ICT for Research in Engineering (3 Units)
Use of advanced analytical tools like MATLAB/SIMULINK, SCILAB/XCOS, etc for solution
of engineering problems and their applications (Application of these softwares depends on the
various problems formulated in different departments and in the specific specializations).
Information literacy, information sources (media, publishers, agreggators); validity of
information, plagiarism and legal aspects.
Information search – search engines, journal repositories, academic (social) networks, search
strategies, personal contacts, tools for managing references.
Integrating information literacy in research, cloud computing, audiovisual tools, e.g powerpoint
ENG 603: Research Methodology in Engineering (3 Units)
Literature review: Reading and summarizing relevant articles, critical analysis and evaluation of
research, identification of themes and comparators, writing review documents and identification
of research (or knowledge) gaps.
Scientific method and nature of evidence: Experimental methods and design methods (as may be
applicable to individual departments and research areas)
, data collection and management of
quantitative data. Human participants – expert reviews, focus groups, questionnaires and
Project management and report writing: project planning, report structure and style, general
report writing techniques.

ECE 602 Seminars (3 Units)  
Each master’s candidate shall present at least one seminar on his/her research project before  
ECE 610 Communication Theory (3 Units)  
Signals (Deterministic and random) and Systems; Signal processing (signal domain
transformations, convolution, sampling, quantization, compression and coding); Modulation and
Demodulation (Analogue and digital); Information theory; Noise; Error control coding.
ECE 611 Communication Networks and Protocols (3 Units)

LAN – Physical Structure; Medium Access Control; LAN Standards – IEEE 802.x; LAN
Interconnections – Bridges, Routers & Gateways. MAN – DQDB, FDDI; WAN – PSTN; PSDN;
OSI-layer protocols; Protocol Design – Protocol Specification and Implementation. ASN.1
Representation and Pseudo-Coding. HDLC; X.25; TCP/IP and IPx
ECE 612 Communication Modeling & Simulation (3 Units)
Teletraffic; Queuing Theory; Traffic Modeling (Data, Voice and Video Modeling); Network
Systems Modeling – Loss System and Delay System;
Computer Simulation Modeling – Computer Simulation using Object Oriented Network
Simulation Packages – SPSS, MATLAB Simevent, OPNET: Riverbird modeler, Network II.5,
ECE 613 Network Traffic Control (3 Units)
Network Algorithm and shortest path routing; Broadcast Routing information;
Flow models optimal routing and topological design; Characterization of optimal routine;
Window flow control; Rate control scheme; Rate Adjustment Algorithm; Flow control protocols
in practice.
ECE 614 Microwave & Satellite Communication (3 Units)
Relay System – Relay Stations and Signals dimensioning, Multiplexing (FDM, WDM, TDM,
SDM). Satellite System; Earth Stations; Orbiting Stations; Signal propagation modes and signal
interferences. Fibre Optic – Structure & Operation. Optical component systems. Optical System
ECE 615 Mobile Communications (3 Units)
Channelization – FDMA, TDMA, CDMA. Spread Spectrum. Frequency Hopping. Cordless
telecommunication technology. Radio paging technology. GSM and Cellular Technologies. 2G;
2.5G, 3G and LTE technologies.
ECE 616 Networks Design and Implementation (3 Units)
Feasibility and design plan. System specification; Systems structure and component selection
and dimensioning; Signaling –SS7 (physical and protocol architecture); Performance analysis
and maintenance.

ECE 617: Optical Systems (3 Units)
The wave nature of light. Polarization, the principle of superposition, interference, diffraction.
Black body radiation. Photoluminescence, cathocoluminescence. The cathode ray tube. Light
emitting Diodes. Plasma displays, liquid crystal Displays, Numeric displays. LASERS.

Radiation emission principles. Classes of lasers. Laser Applications, Photo-detectors. Fibre

optical waveguides. Optical waveguides. Optical communication systems. Reflection,
refraction, and diffraction properties of light. Polarization properties of light. Diffractive Optics,
Coherence and Interference. Introduction to Holography
ECE 618 Microwave Communication System Design (3 Units)

Route and site selection; influence of terrain, weather, rain and obstructions. Calculation of path
profiles. Use of aerial maps. System Noise Objectives. ITU-T/R international circuits. Choice of
equipment; radio equipment, RF combiners; guides, antenna systems, randomes, repeaters and
links and the estimates. System reliability estimates. Calculation of the probability of outages
due to propagation.
ECE 619 Radar And Navigation Systems (3 Units)
Operation, history, applications. Radar Equation, Radar range, minimum detectable signal, noise,
cross section of a target, transmitter power, antenna parameters. CW, Doppler, moving-target
indication, tracking radar, laser radar. Radar transmitters, receivers and antennas. Propagation of
radar waves. Airbone direction finders, air traffic control radar beacon, instrument low approach
system, loran, microwave landing systems. Omega. Inmarsat.
ECE 620 Digital Systems Design (3 Units)
Revision of key SSI and MSI combinational circuits: adders, subtractors, decoders, encoders,
multiplexers and demultiplexers. Design with SSI and MSI combinational circuits. Revision of
LSI combinational circuits: ROMs, PLA, PAL. Design with LSI combinational circuits. Revision
of sequential circuits: RS, JK, D and T flip-flops. Design with sequential circuits. Design of
counters, Registers, RAM. Register Transfer. Hardware Description Languages: VHDL,
SystemVerilog. Sequential digital systems description and design in VHDL. Basic building
blocks and language constructs. Register Transfer-Level Design. Controller/datapath
partitioning. Simulation and synthesis principles. Built in Test: Principles, structures, signature
analysis. Multiple Clock Domains: Transferring data between clock domains.
ECE 621 Computer Systems Architecture I (3 Units)
Computer Fundamentals and Classification, Computer Design by layers: from Applications to
Transistors; Design goals (speed, cost, size, power consumption, etc.).
Quantitative Principles of Computer Design: Make the Common Case Fast; Amdahl’s Law and
application; CPU Performance Equation.
Scope of architecture: Instruction Set Architecture, Micro-Architecture of Organization and
Hardware. Requirements to be considered in designing a new machine. Elements of a generic
micro-architecture: CPU, Bus, Memory, Input-Output, Peripherals. Microarchitecture of Intel 80
x 86 microprocessor as illustrative examples. Von–Newman versus Harvard Architecture. Von–
Newman Bottleneck.
Seven Key Elements of Instruction Set Architecture (ISA). Assembly Language Programming.
Characteristics of Memory; Memory Hierarchy Performance Parameters; Types of
Semiconductor Memories and applications; Memory design; Memory Interleaving. Virtual
Memory – Hard disk.
ECE 622 Software Engineering Development (3 Units)
Overview of Software Engineering
Software; Nature of Software; Importance of Software; Differences between Software and
hardware; characteristics of software that distinguishes it from other products people build.
Types of software: Component – off – the – shelf (COTS), Bespoke, Differences between COTS
and Bespoke. Application software. Middleware, Operating Systems, Utilities.
Software Engineering as a Profession
Profession as a body of knowledge, Code of Ethics and Professional Body regulating the
profession; Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice developed by
ACM/IEEE – CS; Whistle-Blowing and Ethical Dilemma.
The Engineering of Software
Software Development Layers; Software Development process and Case for processes in
Software Engineering; Generic Activities during Software Engineering: Definition, Development
and Support. Subdivision of Generic activity into actions, tasks and tasks sets. Software
Engineering Generic Process Framework or Common Process Framework; The five Generic
Process Framework Activities – Communication, Planning, Construction and Deployment;
Umbrella Activities and Typical Umbrella Activities.
Software Engineering Life Cycles
Steps in Software Engineering Life Cycle – Requirements Elicitation; Systems Analysis and
Specification; Systems Design, Implementation (Coding and Integration); Commissioning and
Maintenance. Methods for Requirement Elicitation and Requirement Challenges. Waterfall
model; Iterative and Incremental Development; Spiral Development; Rational Unified Process
Development; Agile Development techniques; Extreme Programing Development techniques;
Scrum; Test-driven development; Manual versus Automated Testing, Refactoring; Advantages
and disadvantages of different software development method for an application.
Software Engineering development using Object Orientation
Concepts of Object, class, attributes and methods in Object Oriented Analysis and Design;
Object Oriented Design Principles: Abstraction. Modularization, Information Hiding.
Unified Modeling Language (UML); Different types of diagrams used in UML and their uses;
Use Case diagram as interaction between actors and the system itself; Class Diagrams and their
representation; Class Associations: Generalization, Aggregation, Composition and Inheritance;
State Diagrams and examples of Activity Diagrams; Component Diagrams; Deployment
Object Oriented Programming.
ECE 623 Computer Systems Architecture II (3 Units)
Acceleration Mechanisms: Cache and Pipelining. Cache Memory Systems. Overview of Memory
Hierarchy. Cache Mapping Function; How cache operates; Cache effectiveness: Hit, Miss, Hit
ratio, miss ratio. Cache components: SRAM, TRAM, Cache Controller. Cache Classification.
Locality of Reference; Types of Locality – Temporary and Spatial. Implications of Locality.
Cache Placement Policy or Cache Organization – Direct, Set Associative, Fully Associative;
Comparison of Cache Organization; Cache Design examples.
Read and Write Policies: Write through, Write back, Replacement Policy. Cache misses:
Compulsory, Capacity, Conflict. Illustrative examples: Pentium and i7 cache structures.
PIPELINING (Instruction Level Parallelism)
Pipelining Techniques; Pipeline Unites (Stages), Pipeline with staging Latches; Space Time
Instruction –time diagram. Operation of the Pipeline. Instruction Overlap and Pipelining.
Pipeline for RISC Processor; Pipeline equations, Pipeline efficiency. Instruction Pipeline
Hazards; Detecting Hazards, Data Dependencies, Output dependencies, Forwarding.
Superscalar Processors; Superscalar design with Specialized execution units; Out-of-Order
instruction Issue; Centralized, Distributed Instruction Windows. Differences between nonpipelined and pipelined processors, Register Renaming; Reorder buffer. Arithmetic Pipelines:
Illustrative examples – How Pentium and i7 processors implement pipelining.
Multiprocessors and multithreading
ECE 624 Software Engineering Project Management (3 Units)
Why Software Engineering Project Management. Project Management Concepts: People;
Products; Process and Projects. The Scope Triangle: Quality, Time and Cost; Tradeoffs inherent
in Software Project Management. Managing most important resource – People; Project Staffing;
Team Work.
Managing the Software Development Process
Estimating Software Projects; Contracts; Project planning and monitoring; Project Scheduling;
Costing and Budgeting; Models of Software projects.
Quality Management
Software Quality; Why software fails; Concepts in Quality Assurance; Software Standards;
Reviews and Inspections; Capability Maturity Modeling; ISO 9000 Standards; Metrics.
Risk Management
Software Risks: Characteristics of High Risk Projects; Risk Analysis and Management;
Relationship between Software Risks and Software Failures: Likelihood of Failure, Impact of
Failure; Checklist for Software Risks.
ECE 625 Digital Integrated Electronics (3 Units)
Zone refining, Crystal growth technique – Czochralkiprocess, Float Zone technique, Bridgemann
– Stockbarger Method, Epitaxial Growth. Vacuum deposition techniques – physical vapour
deposition, Metallurgic chemical vapour deposition, Molecular beam Epitaxy, Cathode
sputtering, ion-implantation. Integrated Circuits Device Fabrication. The Planer technology –
wafer preparation, oxidation, photolithography, ion-implantation, testing, bonding and
packaging. Digital integrated circuit logic families and their operational characteristics – TTL,
CMOS. Analysis of digital integrated circuits. Applications of digital integrated circuits.
Creation of Vacuum. Vacuum Pumps:
Types of vacuum pumps – Positive displacement pumps, Diffusion pumps, Cryogenic pumps,
Turbomolecular pumps. Pressure ranges of vacuum pumps.
ECE 626 Digital Signal Processing (3 credits)
Introduction to Digital Signal Processing . Time and Frequency Characterization of Signals and
Systems. Discrete-Time Systems. Basic System Properties. Discrete-Linear Time-Invariant
Systems. Short-time Fourier Analysis. The Discrete-Time Fourier Transform. Sampling,
Quantization and Aliasing. Nyquist Frequency / Discrete-time processing of continuous-time
signals. Sampling Rate Conversion. Quantization and Oversampled Noise Shaping. Fast Fourier
transforms Algorithms. The Z-Transform. Inverse Z-Transform. Analysis and characterization
of LTI systems using the Z-Transform. Digital Filtering. Discrete-Time Filters described by
Difference Equations: First-Order Recursive Discrete-Time Filters / Non-recursive DiscreteTime Filters. IIR, FIR Filter Structures. Computer Techniques in Filter Synthesis. Realization of
Filters in Hardware and Software. Filter Design: IIR Filters. Filter Design: FIR Filters.
ECE 627 Web Engineering and Cyber Security (3 Units)
Computing Technologies: The Internet and the Web; Impact. Attributes of Web-based
Applications (WebApps); Framework for Web Engineering (WebE)
Web Development
Requirements for High Quality WebApps: Design Goals; Design Pyramid for WebApps:
Interface Design; Aesthetic Design; Content Design; Architectural Design; WebApp
Architecture: Model-View-Controller (MVC) Architecture; Navigational Design, WebE Team.
Website Design; Web Portal Design; Web Project Management.
The Security Landscape. Threats, Attacks, Attackers or Adversaries; Types of attacks and
attackers. Vulnerabilities. Data Protection: Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability. Access
Control – Identification, Authentication Techniques, Authorization; Password. Biometric
Security. Privacy and Anonymity. Basic Cryptography; Certificates. Skill Gaps in Cyber
Security; Cybercrime and Cybercrime “as-a-service”. Framework for applying Cyber Security.
Viruses and malware.
ECE 628 Biometrics and Image Processing (3 Units)
Overview of Images and Image Processing. Image acquisition and sampling theory. Image
transformations: Fourier, Discrete Cosine and Wavelet. Image transformations using MATLAB
toolboxes. Histogram processing and linear filtering. Neighbourhood operations. Spatial
filtering in MATLAB. Frequency domain filtering in MATLAB. Image noise reduction. Spatial
and adaptive noise filters. Image registration. Image Segmentation. Introduction to biometrics.
Applications of biometrics. Biometric Data Collection. Overview of computer vision methods.
Computer vision and image processing. Automated analysis of computer images.
Fingerprint biometrics. Performance limits and performance evaluation.
ECE 629 Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics (3 Units)
Overview of Nanotechnology – Fundamental Concepts and Applications.
Introduction of Nanoelectronics – description of electronics at the nanoscale – principles of
quantum mechanics, the wave-particle duality, wave functions and Schrodinger equation.
Electronic properties of molecules, carbon nanotubes and crystals, energy ban formation and
origin of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Nanomaterials for electronic applications.
Nanoelectronic devices – nanowire MOSFETSs, nanotubes FETS, quantum dot lasers, field
emission displays, solar cells, nano sensors.
Quantum mechanical effects of light on electronic materials. Photovoltaic effect (photodiodes,
phototransistors, photomultipliers, optoisolators, integrated optical circuits. Photoconductivity
and its application in photoresistors, photoconductive camera tubes, charge-coupled imaging
devices, photoemissive camera tube. Stimulated emission – injection laser diodes, quantum
cascade lasers. Radiative recombination devices – light emitting diodes. Optical fibre
communication, optocouplers.

ECE 630 Stochastic Control (3 Units)  
Prediction theories of filtering; Kalama Filtering. Control of Stochastic system, System  
identification; Cost Functions. Minimum Variance Control. Certainty equivalent principle.  
Stationary noise disturbances; Optimal Control law for Special noise models. Least squares
estimation and control. The Fokker-plan-Kolmogorov Equation. Method of moments, Yaupon
Theory; Circle Criteria, Separation theorem. Optimality, Piece-wise representation and  
numerical Analysis of non-linear Stochastic system.  
ECE 631 Optimal Control (3 Units)  
Linear programming Dynamic programming. Calculus of variations. Hill climbing techniques.  
Poutryagins maximum principles. Hamilton-Jacobi Theory. Matrix Ricatti Equations.  
Extremization and linear integrals via Green’s Theorem. Theory of second variations. The
singular problem. Some sufficient conditions. Generalized controls; Linear optimal controls via
spectral factorizations.  
ECE 632 Multivariable Control (3 Units)  
Functional Controllability system matrix, matrix-fractionand inverse matrix descriptions for  
dynamical system. Multivariable poles and zeros; Frequency domain multivariable stability  
Criteria; Generalized diagonal dominance. Singular value decompositions. Criteria for

robustness; Normality.Quasi-Nyquist and Multivariable root loci. Non-proper system frequency
response. Non-interacting control. Modal control. Pole assignment; state and output feedback.
Disturbance rejection. Design examples from industrial problems.
ECE 633 Linear Systems (3 Units)
Basic systems concepts: systems, models, representations, dynamical systems representation;
Input/output representation state space description singular points and flow pattern in state space,
pancake theory and Benison theorem. Linear System; controllability, operability, minimal
representation, stability criteria, Lyapunov stability theory. Equivalent discrete systems Z and W
Transforms; discrete data, dynamical system sampling theory. Equivalent discrete Systems Z
and W transforms, discrete data, dynamical systems sampling theory. Stochastic processes,
processes, stationary processes, models for stationary. Processes, models for stationary
processes. Linear filters, impulse response Functions, frequency response functions,
autocorrelation functions and spectral. Density functions; Wiener-Khinchin relations.

ECE 634 Large-Scale System (3 Units)
Large scale system Modeling in time and frequency domains. Aggregation, Descriptor

Variables, perturbation Methods. Moment matching, Continues partial fraction expansions and
Approximations, Error minimization. Hierarchical Control of large scale systems. Decentralized
Control and stabilization, Robust System control.

ECE 635 System Modeling and Simulation (3 Units)
Modeling different levels (of systems complexity) for different applications; Design verification,
fault analysis, time analysis and testing. Concept of dynamic feedback systems, including;
stability, adaptive control and Characteristics of linear vs non-linear systems. Artificial

intelligence and Microprocessor application. An introduction to systems, analysis by simulation;
continuous, non-linear and Distribution system. Analog simulation with logic elements and
hybrid Systems. Solution of difference equations using state space and Z-transform Methods,

numerical integration; stability. Digital simulation of one discrete (CPPSS) AND ONE  
CONTINUOUS (CSMP) simulation language; Pseudorandom members.  
ECE 636 Advanced Control Engineering (3 Units)

Types of system nonlinearities, small perturbation methods, describing functions, phaseplane
analysis. Principles of sampled systems. Applications of Z-transforms. System performance and
stability. State space analysis of control systems. The transition matrix. Controllability and
observability, pole assignment. On-line computer control. Derivation of digital control
algorithms. Microprocessor application. Introduction to adaptive control: Hill climbing and
model refernce adaptive systems. Lyapunov’s direct method of stability analysis. Lyapunov’s
functions. Stability regions for sample non-linear systems. System identification and testing
methods. Applications of statistical correlation techniques.
ECE 637 Linear System Theory (3 Units)
Review of elementary linear algebra. Eigenspaces. Vector space partitions. Vector matrix
differential equations. The transition matrix. State space theory of linear dynamical systems.
Reach ability and pole assign ability. Introduction to optimal control with quadratic cost. The
Lyapunov matrix equation and the matrix ricatti equation. Introduction to polynomial algebras
leading to system theory in the Frequency domain. The system matrix. Introduction to Lyapunov
stability theory. Random processes in dynamical systems.
ECE 638 System Control (3 Units)
The minimum effort control; The regulator control; The tracker control; Digital control
implementation; Process identification; Advanced Control strategies: NIMC, Adaptive, Fuzzy
Logic; MPC and GLC
The Doctoral programme is intended to prepare students for creative teaching and research and
development (R&D) works in academic, industrial and military applications of electronic
engineering, in any one of the areas of specializations. The Doctoral programme is expected to
probe much deeper into issues than the master programme. The programme should be able to
develop/design techniques in electronic engineering in the pursuit of new principles and new or
better engineering materials and techniques
The Ph.D degree is obtained through course work and comprehensive research to be embodied in
a thesis which is defended orally before a constituted panel. The PhD research must show
incontrovertibly satisfactory level of originality and creativity and shall generally result in the
development of a new technique processes or correlation and in the advancement of knowledge
beyond the current frontier.
The Doctoral programme is intended to achieve the following objectives:
· Produce doctoral candidates capable of initiating and leading Research and Development
(R & D) works in the areas of specialization,
· Prepare candidates to be able to design, develop and test efficient electronic systems in
real time.
· Produce the highest educated and trained manpower that will ameliorate and eventually
reverse the acute shortage of academics;
· Produce the highest level of consultants capable of providing technical solutions to
Governments, Industry and Business, and
· Promote collaboration between specialists/experts in the area of Communication
The applicants must possess the minimum of M.Sc., or M.Eng. degree certificate with 3.5 GPA
on a five point scale minimum requirement. The applicant must have Electronic Engineering
background and any other minimum requirement as in the current postgraduate programme in
the department/faculty.
At the end of the programme the graduates are awarded the Ph.D. degree certificates.
The Ph.D. degree programme has a defined duration based on the mode of the programme i.e.
whether part-time or full-time mode.

6 semesters minimum
8 semesters minimum

C. I. Ani
M.Sc. (Moscow), M.Phil (Sussex), PhD (Wales), MNSE
Data Communication and Networks Resource Management
A. N. Nzeako
M.Sc. (Leningrad), Ph.D (Netherlands), MNSE
Control and Systems Engineering
C. C. Osuagwu
B. Eng (Nig.). M.Sc. (Southampton), PhD (Southampton), MNSE
Microprocessors, Digital System Design, Digital Signal Processing, and Logic Design
O. U. Oparaku
B. Eng (Nig), PhD (Newcastle UT), MNSE
Solid State/Semiconductor Electronics and Solar Energy
Dr. O. N. Iloanusi
.B. Eng (Nig.). M.Sc. (Nig.), PhD (Nig.), MNSE
Biometrics, Digital System Design, Digital Signal Processing, and Logic Design
Compulsory Courses
Course Code Course Title Units

ECE 712
ECE 715
ECE [ ]
Modeling & Simulation Practice
Advanced Security Engineering
(One optional Course)
9 Units

ENG 701 Thesis and Technical Report Writing 3
ENG 702 Research Grant Writing 3
PGC 701 Synopsis and Research Grant Writing 3
ECE 703 Seminars 3
ECE 700 Thesis 12
24 Units
Optional Courses
Course Code Course Title Units
ECE 710 Network Management & Reliability 3
ECE 713 Optical Networking 3
ECE 714 Long-Distance Networks 3
ECE 716 Advanced Signal Processing 3
(One course only is required to be chosen.)
ECE 700 Thesis (12 Units)
Each candidate for a Doctoral degree shall be assigned a suitable research project approved by
the Departmental Postgraduate Studies Committee. The results of the research shall be embodied
in a thesis.
ENG 701 Thesis and Technical Report Writing (3 Units)
Choice of broad research area with considerations of interdisciplinary topics, Identification of
research/ knowledge gaps and research objectives.
Role of technical reports in engineering projects. Fundamental principles of technical writing.
Format of different types of reports, outlines, purpose and scope, technical discussion details,
role of appendix, function of figures, equation editors, tables and illustration. Literature search,
references (citings and listings). Nature of recommendations and conclusions. Guides for writing
memoranda, business letters. Oral presentation of technical reports and thesis. Synopsis writing

ENG 702 Research Grant Writing (3 Units)  
Developing long-term research plan, Identification of potential funding agencies and their
requirements. Research objectives in relation to interests of the funding agencies. Estimating
research timelines, Budget preparation, manpower requirements and availability, research
facilities, legal issues, etc
ECE 703 Seminars
Each doctoral candidate shall present at least three seminars on his/her research project before
graduation. At least, one seminar shall be presented at faculty level before graduation.(6 Units)
ECE 710 Network Management and Reliability
Fault; Configuration; Performance; Accounts; and Security Management. Management Protocols
– SNMP, CORBA and CMIP; Management Information Base (MIB).
Reliability; Network Monitoring Techniques – Local and Remote
(3 Units)
ECE 711 Signaling Systems
Evolution of Signaling Systems; SS No. 6; Architecture; SS No. 7 Relationship to OSI; Signaling
System Structure; Signaling Network Management; The Signaling Data Link (Layer 1);
Signaling Link (Level 2); Basic Signal Unit Format; Signaling Network Functions and
Messages; (Layer 3); Signaling Message-Handling Functions; International and National
Signaling Networks; Signaling Performance—Message Transfer Part; Performance Parameters;
Signaling Connection Control Part (SCCP); Hypothetical Signaling Reference Connections;
Services Provided by the SCCP; Signaling Connections; SCCP Formats and Codes; User Parts;
Telephone User Part (TUP) (3 Units)
ECE 712 Modeling & Simulation Practice (3 Units)
Advanced Queuing Theory – Loss System and Delay System; Analytical Modeling and
Simulation using EXCEL spread sheet. Computer Simulation Modeling and Simulation using
Object Oriented Network Simulation Packages – SPSS, MATLAB;
ECE 713 Optical Networking

Optical Technologies Required; Derived Technology Applications; Overlay Networks; TwoLayer Networks are Emerging; Optical Switching; Distributed Switching; MEMS Switching;
Practical Optical Add–Drop Multiplexer; OXCs and OADMs Enhance Availability and
Survivability; Improvements in the Management of the New Network Architecture; All-Optical
Cross-Connects; Options for Optical Layer Signaling; Four Classes of Optical Networks;
Generic Networks; Optical Bidirectional Line-Switched Rings; Generalized Multiprotocol Label
Switching (GMPLS); Selected GMPLS Terminology; The GMPLS Protocol Suite; GMPLS
Switching Based on Diverse Formats; Bundling Links; Standardization of Optical Control Plane

Protocols; GMPLS and ASON Differ; Hierarchical Routing in Optical Networks (3  
ECE 714
Long-Distance Networks (3 Units)

Design Problems; Transmission Factors in Long-Distance Telephony; Design of Long-Distance
Links; Design of Line-of-Sight Microwave Systems; Design of Satellite Communications; FiberOptic Communication Links.
ECE 715 Advanced Security Engineering (3 Units)
The multidisciplinary nature of security. Background: types of attacks and attackers; range of
systems. Overview of security standards and best practices. Access control; authentication
techniques, passwords and password vulnerabilities. Data protection. Basic Cryptography;
Certificates; Crypto-primitives and cyphers. Privacy and anonymity. Trust. Trust mechanisms
and level of trust. Computer security; software and platform security. Network security; attack
detection and mitigation. ATM security; E-commerce security. Card security; GSM and SIM
cards; Payment systems. Security of database applications; injection attacks; Cross-site scripting.
Penetration listing and Web-based systems / Cyber security. Fraud and loss prevention: Banking
Security. National security.
ECE 716 Advanced Signal Processing (3 Credits)
DT Processing of CT Signals and CT Processing of DT Signals: Fractional Delay
Data Acquisition: Sampling in time, aliasing, interpolation, and quantization, sampling Rate
Conversion, spectral analysis. Quantization and Oversampled Noise Shaping. IIR, FIR Filter
Structures. Filter Design: IIR Filters. Filter Design: FIR Filters.
Multirate Systems and Polyphase Structures. Linear Prediction and All-pole Modeling. The
Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). Linear Filtering with the DFT. Spectral Analysis with the
DFT. FFT Algorithms. Short-time Fourier Analysis. Modulated Filter Bank.
Image processing I: Extension of filtering and Fourier methods to 2-D signals and systems.
Image processing II: Interpolation, noise reduction methods, edge detection, homomorphic